acidbases - acidssubstancesthationizetoformhydrogenions aka...

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acids  - substances that ionize to form hydrogen ions aka proton donors (H+ is essentially just a proton) monoprotic acids - donate 1 hydrogen ion per molecule (ex. HCl, HNO3) diprotic acids - donate 2 hydrogen ions per molecule (ex. H2SO4); ionization occurs in 2 steps bases  - substances that accept hydrogen ions, produce hydroxide ions in reactions ex. NaOH, KOH, Ca(OH)2 doesn't necessarily have to contain hydroxide ions must accept hydrogen ion strength of acids/bases strong electrolyte = strong acid/base weak electrolyte = weak acid/base reactivity - depends on the actions of both the cation/anion, not just strength of acid/base strong acids - HCl, HBr, HI, HClO3, HNO3, H2SO4 strong bases - group 1A/2A metal hydroxides molecular compounds that aren't acids/bases are nonelectrolytes neutralization reactions  - mixing an acidic and base solution product has none of the characteristics of the reactants salt
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course CHEM 161 at Rutgers.

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acidbases - acidssubstancesthationizetoformhydrogenions aka...

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