ChemicalNomenclature

ChemicalNomenclature -...

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chemical nomenclature  - naming of substances   some compounds known for a long time have traditional, "common" names (ex. water, ammonia) organic compounds - contain carbon inorganic compounds - don't contain carbon naming positive ions    cations formed from metal atoms have the same name as the metal w/ metals that have different charges, use numerals to show the positive charge o Fe2+ iron (II) o Fe3+ iron (III) "-ous" added to latin form of metal name for ion w/ lower charge o Cu+ cuprous o Fe2+ ferrous "-ic" added to latin form of metal name for ion w/ higher charge o Cu2+ cupric o Fe3+ ferric cations formed from nonmetal atoms have names ending in "-ium" o NH4+ ammonium o H3O+ hydronium naming negative ions    replace the endings of monoatomic anions w/ "-ide" o Cl- chloride o O2- oxide o N3- nitride oxyanions - polyatomic anions containing oxygen; names end w/ "-ate" for the most common form, "-ite" for the version w/ 1 less oxygen
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course CHEM 161 at Rutgers.

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ChemicalNomenclature -...

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