Secession2 - X. The Great Debate: Lincoln Versus Douglas I....

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X. The Great Debate: Lincoln Versus Douglas I. Lincoln rashly challenged Douglas, the nation’s most devastating debater, to a series of seven debates, which the Senator accepted, and despite expectations of failure, Lincoln held his own. II. The most famous debate came at Freeport, Illinois, where Lincoln essentially asked, “Mr. Douglas, if the people of a territory voted slavery down, despite the Supreme Court saying that they could not do so (point #2 of the Dred Scott decision), which side would you support, the people or the Supreme Court?” o “Mr. Popular Sovereignty,” Douglas replied with his “ Freeport Doctrine ,” which said that no matter how the Supreme Court ruled, slavery would stay down if the people voted it down; since power was held by the people. III. Douglas won the Illinois race for senate, but more people voted for Abe, so he won the moral victory. o Plus, Douglas “won the battle but lost the war” because his answer in the Freeport Doctrine caused the South to dislike him even more. The South had loved Douglas prior to this due to his popular sovereignty position, but then came the Kansas pro-slavery vote which he’d shot down. Then the Freeport Doctrine came down where he turned his back on the Supreme Court’s pro-South decision). o This Freeport statement ruined the 1860 election for presidency for him, which was what he really wanted all along. XI. John Brown: Murderer or Martyr?
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This document was uploaded on 10/29/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 at Rutgers.

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Secession2 - X. The Great Debate: Lincoln Versus Douglas I....

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