111 take home 2 - Mitch Fleischman(25005649 Poli Sci 111 TA...

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Mitch Fleischman (25005649) Poli Sci 111; TA – Alpert, F: 10:10-11 AM I: 1. Underdevelopment – Andre Gunder-Frank: Underdevelopment is part of dependency theory. In Neocolonialism, there is a mentality of exploitation of the country dependent upon. The underdeveloped countries rely on the “mother” countries for support – whether it is economically, financially, culturally oriented (etc.). These satellites (dependent) countries are in a perpetual state of underdevelopment and exploitation. They are a source of cheap labor and natural resources for the larger countries, jobs that are almost exclusively in the primary stage of development. If this underdeveloped country is very close to the “mother” country, then usually the satellite is worse off. Development of other nations require that there be underdeveloped nations. 2. Syncretism – Rudra Sil: There is a spectrum of strategies in nation building. To the right we have nativists; people who desire to have their state develop in a traditional way, without intervention. There are people on the left, modernists, which intervene and wish to control the development of another nation. The middle of the spectrum is syncretism; it combines elements from the nativists and modernists. Mahatma Gandhi, because of his civil disobedience protests and willingness to integrate India is considered a syncretist. The nation is one of our three building blocks; henceforth the development of the nation is important in our understanding of the modern world. 3. Zaibatsu – Chalmers Johnson: Zaibatsu is an example of Johnson’s description of the Capitalist Developmental State. This means a state has open markets, an active private sector and active state actors. Known as “financial cliques”, Zaibatsu are very large companies that have slowly overtaken the means of production and all industries associated with the production of a particular product or service, also known as vertical and horizontal integration. They have shown to be super successful and a substantial contribution to the market, which is why there have been laws enacted in the United States for companies in a position to become super massive to bypass antitrust laws and regulations. Relating this back to Johnson’s work on the Capitalist Developmental State describes how a state develops based on the acquisition of capital; the development of the state is essential to understanding the modern world states – why and how they got where they are. 4. 5 stages of economic growth – W. Rostow: He theorized that modern economies grow in five stages: the traditional society – backwardness of technology, pre “take-off” - the society starts to make banks and a system of capital, “take-off” – when the society is no longer conditional, the rate of production will have risen substantially and there will be a sector with a high rate of growth, maturity – the economy starts to differentiate, with some sectors taking off and others languishing, age of high mass consumption – this
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