111cheatsheet - Huntington: Waves of democracy: Gap...

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Huntington: Waves of democracy: Gap hypothesis: source of instability is the speed of industrialization, gap between economic development and political development produces instability -> modernization is the problem (the path to development produces instability) Modernization hypothesis – Lipset: economic development increases the likelihood that democracy will emerge = urbanization, education, communication and wealth Link between econ dev. and democracy? Social mobilization: urbanization, education, industrialization, wealth Social alliance hypothesis – Barrington Moore: indirect relationship between economic development and political outcome (remember bourgeoisie and alliances) “No bourgeoisie, no democracy” D: B creates labor market, P -> Working class. B + WC = democracy F: B allies with UC, WC are small, B + UC = fascism C: B weak, strong upper class, P -> WC revolution = communism Transitions approach – Adam Przeworski: a split in the authoritarian regime creates an opening for democracy, but the success depends on the main actors
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111cheatsheet - Huntington: Waves of democracy: Gap...

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