Poli Sci 111-2 - The family, the tribe, theocratic...

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Poli Sci 111 - 2 19:29 Nation <-> State <-> Market Definition: Ideal Type The State: “[A] Human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the  legitimate  use of physical force within a given territory.” –Max Weber The state hasn’t always existed as the dominant form.  Features of the definition: Territory (boarders), Organization (bureaucracy) we cannot  function without it, Authority (Weapons) it can exert its power more than any other type  of government contained within. We can compare the state to what came before it, understanding what the state is, is  understanding what the state emerged from.  It’s a very modern form of political organization (17 th  century) It replaced Feudalism.  Features: no fixed borders, organized through personal networks, multiple and  decentralized authority So, why the state? Why not…
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Unformatted text preview: The family, the tribe, theocratic federation, persistence of feudalism You have to explain why things that could have plausibly happened, didnt. A recipe for the state: the feudal system, war-making &amp; military revolution, the protestant reformation. Feudalism has scattered territories, multiple and overlapping authority and no systemic organization. War-making and state making Evolution of war-making: standing armies and taxation (it creates beaurocracy) Military revolution: intensification of violence Protestant Reformation Strengthens the claim of secular authority Amalgamation of territories based on language (Anderson) 1648 treaty of Westphalia Defines borders Settles disputes between secular and religious authority (triumph of the prince over the Pope) 19:29 19:29...
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This document was uploaded on 10/31/2011 for the course POLI SCI 111 at UMass (Amherst).

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Poli Sci 111-2 - The family, the tribe, theocratic...

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