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lecture+notes+19 - 14:440:222 Dynamics(Lecture Note#19...

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14:440:222 Dynamics (Lecture Note #1 9 ) Instructor: Prof. Peng Song Rutgers University
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Today’s Lecture Mass moment of inertia
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The large flywheel in the picture is connected to a large metal cutter. The flywheel mass is used to help provide a uniform motion to the cutting blade. What property of the flywheel is most important for this use? How can we determine a value for this property? Why is most of the mass of the flywheel located near the flywheel’s circumference? Applications
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The crank on the oil-pump rig undergoes rotation about a fixed axis that is not at its mass center. The crank develops a kinetic energy directly related to its mass moment of inertia. As the crank rotates, its kinetic energy is converted to potential energy and vice versa. Is the mass moment of inertia of the crank about its axis of rotation smaller or larger than its moment of inertia about its center of mass? Applications (cont’d)
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Consider a rigid body with a center of mass at G. It is free to rotate about the z axis, which passes through G. Now, if we apply a torque T about the z axis to the body, the body begins to rotate with an angular acceleration of α . T and α are related by the equation T = I α . In this equation, I is the mass moment of inertia (MMI) about the z axis. The MMI of a body is a property that measures the resistance of the body to angular acceleration. The MMI is often used when analyzing rotational motion.
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