Chapter 1 Self-Study

Chapter 1 Self-Study - Review Glossary: Preface Planes...

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Unformatted text preview: Review Glossary: Preface Planes Coronal: The plane dividing the body into front and back parts Sagittal: The plane dividing the body into right and left parts Dunsverse: The plane dividing the body into upper and lower parts Positions Anterior (ventral): Closer to the front of the body Posterior (dorsal): Closer to the back of the body Superior (cephalic): Closer to the head Inferior (caudal): Closer to the feet Medial: Closer to the midline of the body Lateral: Closer to the side of the body Review Glossary: Chapter 1 Nervous system for speaking: The system that controls speech formulation and production Central processing: The neural operations by which ideas are formulated and mapped in linguistic form Output processing: The neural operations by which linguistic rules are converted into speech movements Respiratory system for speaking: The system that generates air pressure for speech Respiration: The process by which air is compressed in the lungs to provide power for speech Phonatory system: The sound generation system Phonation: The laryngeal process by which vocal fold vibration generates sound Articulatory system: The system by which speech sounds are molded Articulation: The vocal tract and laryngeal processes by which vowels and consonants are produced Auditory system for reception of speech: The system by which speech vibrations are detected Audition: The processes in the car by which sound waves are converted into neural signals Nervous system for speech comprehension: The system for decoding and comprehending speech Input processing: The neural operations by which auditory signals are recognized as speech Central processing: The neural operations by which the meaning of speech is comprehended Pre-speech stages of vocal development: The stages of vocalization that emerge prior to development of speech Phonation stage: Vegetative grunts and noises, cries, and vowel-like sounds Gooing stage: Cooing or gooing vocalization Expansion stage: Vowels, trills, squeals, growls, yells, and babbles associated with a change from chimpanzee-like vocal tract to a human form- Reduplicated babble stage: Strings of repeated syllables ‘ Self-Study Drawings Coloring Instructions Using terms from the Glossary, write the names of the planes in A through C and the names of positions in D through I on Drawing P—l. Write the names of the speech systems in I through N on Drawing 1A1. Write the appropriate temis for speech organs, processes, and functions in a (Nervous System) through q on Drawing l-II. Color each plane (A—C) and the matching term in the Glossary with a different light-colored felt-tip pen. Color each arrow (D—I), (J—N), (a—q) and the matching term in the Glossary with a different dark-colored felt-tip pen. Check your answers in Appendix E. ouszr DRAWING P— 1' Self—Study Test of Terminology Self—Study Instructions: These questions can be used to help you assess how much you have retained from studying the Review Glossary. Answers are given in Appendix E. Preface (1) _________ The position closer to the front of the body (2) —____— The plane dividing a body into front and back pans (3) ________ The position closer to the midline of the body (4) —____—— The position closer to the head (5) W The plane dividing the body into upper and lower parts (6) The position closer to the side of the body (7) m The position closer to the back of the body (8) _——___ The plane dividing the body into right and left parts (9) —__— The position closer to the feet Chapter 1 (1) ________ The neural operations by which linguistic rules are converted into speech movements (2) ____—__ The sound generation system (3) (4) (5) a The neural operations by which ideas are formulated and mapped in linguistic form (6) a“ The neural operations by which the meaning of speech is comprehended The system by which speech vibrations are detected The neural operations by which auditory signals are recognized as speech (7) The system by which speech sounds are molded (8) The processes in the ear by which sound waves are converted into neural signals (9) The system that controls speech formulation and production (10) The system for decoding and comprehending speech (11) The system that generates air pressure for speech (12) E— The vocal tract and laryngeal processes by which vowels and consonants are produced (13) \— The processes by which air is compressed in the lungs to provide power for speech (14) The laryngeal processes by which vocal fold vibration generates sound ...
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Chapter 1 Self-Study - Review Glossary: Preface Planes...

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