PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11(1)

PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11(1) - the relatively stable set of...

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Unformatted text preview: the relatively stable set of psychological characteristics and behavioral patterns that account for our individuality and consistency over time Psychodynamic Theory ◦ emphasize unconscious influences on personality Trait Perspective ◦ set of underlying traits account for the consistencies in behavior from one situation to another Social-Cognitive Perspective ◦ individual’s learning history and ways of thinking Humanistic Perspective ◦ personalities expressed through our efforts to actualize our unique potential as human beings Sigmund Freud ◦ sexual instinct (preserves the species) ◦ aggressive instinct (explains aggression) psychoanalytical theory - personality and behavior are shaped by unconscious forces and conflicts ◦ levels of consciousness ◦ structure of personality ◦ defense mechanisms ◦ stages of psychosexual development conscious preconscious unconscious Conscious : the part of the mind corresponding to the state of present awareness Preconscious : the part of the mind whose contents can be brought into awareness through focused attention Unconscious : lies outside the range of ordinary awareness and holds troubling or unacceptable urges, impulses, memories, and ideas conscious preconscious unconscious Id: exists in the unconscious and contains our basic drives and instinctual impulses Ego: attempts to balance the instinctual demands of the id with social realities and expectations Superego: corresponds to an internal moral guardian or conscience pleasure principle: a governing principle of the id that is based on demands for instant gratification without regard to social rules or customs reality principle: the governing principle of the ego that takes into account what is practical and acceptable in satisfying basic needs reality-distorting strategies of the ego to prevent awareness of anxiety-evoking or troubling ideas or impulses personality develops through 5 psychosexual stages of development ◦ Determined by how the child seeks physical pleasure from sexually sensitive parts of the body - erogenous zones ◦ Fixations: personality traits or behavior patterns characteristics of the particular stage Stages ◦ Oral ◦ Anal ◦ Phallic ◦ Latency ◦ Genital...
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PSY 101 Lecture 10-21-11(1) - the relatively stable set of...

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