Govt. topics 1-4

Govt. topics 1-4 - Exam 1 Wednesday, September 27, 2006 55...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Wednesday, September 27, 2006 55 Multiple Choice Questions (Questions taken from assigned reading, lectures, and class discussion for topics 1-4) During regular class time* (bring photo-ID, grey scantron) TOPIC 1 Politics - Who gets what, when and how authoritative allocation of values (a) Solve conflict about what people want (b) Make collective decisions that are binding on entire society Government The institution that has authority to make decisions that are binding upon everyone. Has general authority to use coercion and force FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Autocracy- (dictatorship) absolute monarch or dictator. Oligarchy- small elite group of leaders with all power Democracy- all people have opportunity to participate in binding decisions. PROCESS AND SUBSTANCE Democracy asa process of making decisions. Bargaining and compromise will result in gridlock and inefficiency, Precisely what many Americans fins objectionable about govt. The promise of democracy is not efficiency, but that core democratic Value are used. (ex: everyone votes even though it takes a long time) DEMOCRATIC SUBSTANCE (a) democratic procedures are not enough (b) outcomes of the process also must be democratic and reflect certain core democratic values. CORE DEMOCRATIC VALUES 1. Popular sovereignty (everyone is equal) 2. political freedom (right to criticize and propose new laws..) 3. political equality (all votes are equally weighed) 4. majority rule (majority wins) 5. conflicting values 2 BASIC FORMS OF DEMOCRACY 1. direct democracy (citizens are principle participants in making govt decisions) 2. representative democracy (citizens elect officials to make descisions for them) CONFLICTING VIEWS ON AMERICAN DEMOCRACY: A: Populism- direct democracy; widespread participation of normal people B: Pluralism society in which the power is widely distributed among diverse groups and interests. (is not appealing to minorities. Is slow and hard to make change happen typically.) C: Elitism society in which organized, influential minority interests dominate the political process. Rule by the few. CHAPTER 2 The American Constitution The Constitution- a thing that provides basic principles that define the conduct of its political affairs. 3 Fundamental Components: 1. Functions : powers and responsibilities that rest in the public rather than the private sphere. 2. Procedures : the manor in which the government carries out the powers and responsibilities entrusted to it. 3. Structure : the institutions and mechanisms that constitute the framework of government....
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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Govt. topics 1-4 - Exam 1 Wednesday, September 27, 2006 55...

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