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Chemistry Solved_Part_49 - Week 28 6 Alkyl halide 7 Alcohol...

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©2010 Digital Interactive Video Education Week 28 146 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) How do you distinguish between an aldehyde and a ketone? 2 pts. 12) How do you distinguish between an amine and an amide? 2 pts. Alkyl halide Alcohol Ether Amine Alcohol Aldehydes have a double-bonded oxygen at their end, while ketones have a double-bonded oxygen somewhere other than at the end of the chain. An amide is an amine that has taken the place of an -OH on the carboxylic acid functional group. Amines are nitrogen com- pounds that have NH 3 as the base molecule, and one or all of the hydrogens may be substituted for something else (like a hydrocar- bon chain).
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©2010 Digital Interactive Video Education Week 28 147 Laboratory Activity 26 Synthesis of Aspirin Fulfills AP ® Chemistry Lab Requirement Introduction Humans have known for centuries of the pain and fever-reducing qualities of salicylic acid. It is found naturally in the leaves and bark of willow trees ( Salix spp .). Today, salicylic acid is synthesized from coal tar using the Kolbe- Schmitt process. Since it is an acid, pure salicylic acid can irritate the gastrointestinal tract.
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