nussbaum+beyond+the+social+contract

nussbaum+beyond+the+social+contract - Beyond the Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Beyond the Social Contract: Toward Global Justice MARTHA C. NUSSBAUM T HE T ANNER L ECTURES ON H UMAN V ALUES Delivered at Australian National University, Canberra November 12 and 13, 2002 and at Clare Hall, University of Cambridge March 5 and 6, 2003 M ARTHA N USSBAUM is Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago. She was educated at New York University and received a Ph.D. from Harvard. She has taught at Oxford, Brown, and Harvard, and was a research advisor at the World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki, a part of the United Nations University. She is a fellow of the American Philosophi- cal Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has re- ceived the NYU Distinguished Alumni Award, the Barnard College Medal of Distinction, and she is an academician in the Academy of Fin- land. Among her many publications are The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy (1986, updated edition 2000); Loves Knowledge (1990), which received the 1991 PEN Spielvogel- Diamondstein Award for the best collection of essays); Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education (1997), which won the Ness Book Award of the Association of American Colleges and Universities and the Grawemeyer Award in Education; Sex and Social Justice (1998), which won the book award of the North American Soci- ety for Social Philosophy; and Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions (2001). These three lectures are extracts from a manuscript in progress. I pre- sented three lectures in both Canberra and Cambridge, England, but in both cases a much longer manuscript, available on a website, was the basis for discussion. The three manuscripts published here are an uneasy compromise between the longer website version and the shorter lecture version. Lecture I is fuller; Lectures II and III are presented more or less as delivered. (The reason for this is that the argumentative structure of my position is laid out in Lecture I, whereas Lectures II and III continue the general line of argument presented in Lecture I.) The website ver- sion may be consulted by those who would like to see the longer ver- sions. But it is a rst draft, and the whole project is under contract, in book form, to Harvard University Press; it is being revised currently, and many changes (which I hope are improvements) are being intro- duced. The project begins from the assumption that theories of justice in the social-contract tradition are among the strongest theories of justice we currently have. These theories also have an untold inuence on pub- lic policy, often in a simplied and degenerate form. Although such the- oriesboth in the historical tradition and todayare very strong, and although John Rawlss theory, in particular, is probably the strongest theory of justice we currently have, several aspects of the contract tradi- tion seem problematic when we approach three of the most urgent prob-...
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nussbaum+beyond+the+social+contract - Beyond the Social...

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