Test 1 Study Guide

Test 1 Study Guide - INCLUDE WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN BACKGROUND SIGNIFICANCE ADD SOMETHING THAT WAS NOT MENTIONED IN CLASS Black Codes Laws enacted in

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INCLUDE: WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN BACKGROUND & SIGNIFICANCE. ADD SOMETHING THAT WAS NOT MENTIONED IN CLASS. Black Codes: Laws, enacted in South states during reconstruction, while Congress was out of session. These laws restricted the freedom of former slaves and were designed to assure white supremacy and led Congress to ratify the 14 th Amendment. They originated in the slave codes, which defined slaves as property. These codes included: Vagrancy laws that targeted unemployed blacks. Whites were allowed to bail blacks out of jail, and in return they have to work for the whites. Apprentice laws that made black orphans and dependents available for hire to whites. Jail sentencing for blacks was harsher. Miscegenation was illegal. Blacks had curfews and were separated in public. Commercial laws that excluded blacks from certain trades and businesses and restricted their ownership of property. Compromise of 1877: A bargain made between southern Democrats and Republican candidate Hayes after the disputed presidential election of 1876. The southern Democrats pledged to let Hayes take office in return for his promise to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the southern states. The removal of the last troops in 1877 marked the end of reconstruction. The Electoral Commission consisted of five Representatives, five Senators, and five Supreme Court Justices. Originally, there were supposed to be seven Republicans, seven Democrats and one Independent. When David Davis, a registered Independent, refused to accept the nomination, the balance shifted to a Republican majority. The Commission gave all 20 disputed votes to Hayes. The Compromise of 1877 was an unwritten, informal deal between the Republican and Democrats of Congress to recognize this Republican president if the following actions took place: 1. Removal of all federal troops from the southern states. 2. Appointment of at least one southern Democrat into Hayes's Administration. 3. Construction of a second transcontinental railroad in the South called the Texas and Pacific. 4. Legislation enacted to help industrialize the South. Andrew Carnegie: Born in Scotland, came to America and worked his way up in the railroad industry. Carnegie lands a contract to manufacture steal beams for the Brooklyn Bridge and becomes really successful in the steal industry.
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- Industrialist - Believed in Darwin’s theory, “Natural Selection allowed the fittest individuals to survive and flourish in the marketplace” - Based on social Darwinists, poverty and slums were as expected as the concentration of wealth. -
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course HS 202 at Montgomery CC.

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Test 1 Study Guide - INCLUDE WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN BACKGROUND SIGNIFICANCE ADD SOMETHING THAT WAS NOT MENTIONED IN CLASS Black Codes Laws enacted in

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