CJUS_2100_NOTES.docx - Chapter 10 Probation Parole and...

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Chapter 10 Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions The Justification for Community Corrections Today about 4 million offenders are serving their sentences on probation rather than behind bars Probation and parole are known as community corrections Reintegration Preparing offenders to return to the community unmarred by further criminal behavior Diversion Diverting those who qualify away from prison/jail and toward community-base and intermediate sanctions The Low-Cost Alternative Community corrections offer an enticing financial alternative to imprisonment Community-based criminals finance their own supervision Probation: Doing Time in the Community Legal status of a convicted offenders who serves his sentence in the community under the supervision of a probation officer for a designated period of time Is subject to certain conditions imposed by the court Theory is that the offender can be treated more economically and humanely Probation is the most common form of punishment in the United States Probation In traditional probation, offender agrees to certain terms for a specified amount of time in return for serving the sentence in the community Benefits Not serving sentence in a correctional facility Probationary sentence is usually shorter than the length of a prison term -Sentencing choices and probation Suspended Sentence Offender is sentenced after being convicted of a crime but is not required to being serving the sentence Alternative sentencing arrangements Split sentence (shock probation) Shock incarceration Intermittent incarceration -Offenders are most likely to be denied probation if they: Are convicted on multiple charges
Were on probation or parole at the time of arrest Have two or more prior convictions Are addicted to narcotics Seriously injured the victim of the crime Used a weapon in the commission of the crime Conditions of Probations The probation officer and judge impose certain conditions as part of the probation sentence These conditions represent a “contract” between the government and the offender If violated, probation may be revoked Types of Conditions Standard/general conditions Imposed on all probationers Include reporting regularly to officer, notifying the agency of any change of address Punitive Conditions Designed to reflect the seriousness of the offense and increase punishment Include fines, community service, drug testing Other Conditions (specific) Offense specific- computer restrictions, residential restrictions etc. The Supervisory Role of the Probation Officer The Probation Officer has two basic roles: Investigative Conducting the Presentence Investigations (PS) Supervisory (line officers) Size of agency In smaller probation agencies, individual officers preform both tasks In larger jurisdictions, the trend has been separating the responsibilities Role Conflict Guiding probationer to a successful completion of the probationary term

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