10-0b Christian PT

10-0b Christian PT - Unit 10: Christian Primary Texts Unit...

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Unit 10: Christian Primary Texts 10.1. Celsus, "On the True Doctrine," Greek, c. 180 BC. Celsus was a pagan Greek philosopher who wrote an early anti-Christian book. It survives only in quotations from Origen, an Egyptian Christian who wrote a response. 10.2. Jerome, "Ciceronian or Christian" Latin, c. 400 AD. Jerome, a great Christian theologian and translator of the Bible into Latin, lived much of his life as a monk in Palestine. 10.3. Augustine, The City of God , Latin, c. 415 AD. Augustine was the greatest of the Latin theologians. His ideas formed the basis for much of Roman Catholicism. This text describes his views on the role of empire in God's cosmic plan. 10.4. Eusebius, The Preparation for the Gospel Greek, c. 330 AD. Eusebius wrote a biography and several panegyrics to Constantine. This passage describes the cosmic role of the universal empire. Unit 10: Christian Primary Texts
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10.1. Celsus, "On the True Doctrine," Celsus was a Greek Philosopher in the late 2nd century AD, who wrote a lengthy attack on early Christianity. Fragments are preserved only in Origen’s work Against Celsus ). “The assertion made both by some of the Christians and by the Jews, the former saying that some God or son of God has come down to the earth as judge of mankind, the latter saying that he will come, is most shameful, and no lengthy argument is required to refute it. .. What is the purpose of such a descent on the part of God? . . . Was it in order to learn what was going on among men? . . . Does he not know everything? . . . If, then, he does know, why does he not correct men, and why can he not do this by divine power? . . . Was he then unable to correct men merely by divine power, without sending some one specially endowed for the purpose?” (Origen, Against Celsus, 4.2-3) After this he [Celsus] represents the Jew as having a conversation with Jesus himself and refuting him on many charges, as he thinks: first, because "he fabricated the story of his birth from a virgin; and he reproaches him because he came from a Jewish village and from a poor country woman who earned her living by spinning". He says that "she was driven out by her husband, who was a carpenter by trade, as she was convicted of adultery". Then he says that after she had been driven out by her husband and while she was wandering about in a disgraceful way she secretly gave birth to Jesus". (Origen, Against Celsus, 1.28) The mother of Jesus" is described as having been "turned out by the carpenter who was betrothed to her, as she had been convicted of adultery and had a child by a certain soldier named Panthera" (Origen, Against Celsus, 1.32) "Come now, let us [Romans] believe your [Christian] view that he actually said this. How many others produce wonders like this to convince simple hearers whom they exploit by deceit? They say that Zamolxis, the slave of Pythagoras, also did this among the Scythians, and
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10-0b Christian PT - Unit 10: Christian Primary Texts Unit...

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