exercise-multiplechoice-1

exercise-multiplechoice-1 - LRP / McCrossin / Exercise 1...

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LRP / McCrossin / Exercise 1 (Answer sheet at: http://rci.rutgers.edu/~tripmcc/phil/answersheet.doc ) 1. Please choose the option or options not true of an intermediate conclusion. a. It indicates the presence of chain reasoning b. It is an explicit assumption c. It acts as both a conclusion and a reason for a different conclusion d. It is supported by reasons e. It differs from the main conclusion 2. Please choose the option or options not true of a hypothetical sentence. a. It can be a reason. b. It can be a conclusion c. It should not be broken up when analyzing the structure of reasoning of the argument d. It contains a reason for a conclusion e. It is a sentence often with the form "If A, then B" 3. Please choose the option or options true of the following. (X) Germany lost World War II because Hitler invaded Russia. (Y) One should stop eating meat because animals deserve the same rights as humans. (Z) The dinosaurs died out because a huge meteor hit the earth and made most of the world uninhabitable for most creatures. a. X is an explanation; Y and Z are arguments b. X and Z are explanations; Y is an argument c. X and Z are arguments; Y is an explanation d. They are all arguments e. They are all explanations 4. Please choose the option or options true of the following. "If I go to the party I will have a good time. However, I hate having a good time, so I will not go to the party." a. It contains chain reasoning and no side-by-side reasoning. b. It contains side-by-side joint reasoning and chain reasoning. c. It contains side-by-side joint reasoning and no chain reasoning. d. It contains side-by-side non-joint reasoning and no chain reasoning. e. It contains side-by-side non-joint reasoning and chain reasoning. 5. Please choose the option or options not true of an argument that only contains two side-by-side non-joint reasons for the main conclusion. a. Each reason, taken by itself, is intended to provide some evidence for the main conclusion. b. The argument contains no joint reasons. c. The argument contains no intermediate conclusion(s). d. The argument contains no chain reasoning. e. The argument contains no inferences. 6. Please choose the option or options not true of the following. "Most prospective parents would prefer to have sons. So, if people can choose the sex of the child, then it is likely that there will eventually be more males than females in the population. This could produce serious social problems, therefore we should prohibit the use of techniques that enable people to choose the sex of their child." a. It involves side-by-side reasoning. b. It explicitly assumes that most prospective parents would prefer to have sons. c. It contains the intermediate conclusion that "if people can choose the sex of the child, then it is likely that there will
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exercise-multiplechoice-1 - LRP / McCrossin / Exercise 1...

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