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notes exam 1 - Notes GEO 101 Absolute Location Latitude and...

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Notes: GEO 101 8/27/09 Absolute Location- Latitude and Longitude- unchanging Relative Location- Oxford is north of Cincinnati East of Indiana Absolute Distance- Miles, Kilometers Relative Distance- How much time does it take to get from one place to another depending on how fast you are going; fuel costs from point A to point B Scale- How big something is on a global scale, regional, street, city, national, and etc Diffusion- The spread of stuff- things, idea, information, people, investment- across space…ex- spatial (aka Contagious), Hierarchical – tending to spread to relatively close places( places that have interaction even if far apart)…ex- cities Diffusion of hip hop? Originated in Bronx to 70’s Interdependence as Process Complementarity- each have differences that benefit each other – ex – pb&j Transferability-characteristics of stuff being transferred ex: music Intervening Opportunity- 9/1/09 Globalization- the increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world through common processes of economic, environmental, political, and cultural change. The Core/Periphery Model Core-most powerful part of the world – most wealthy politically powerful and so forth Periphery- part of world that is least developed Semi Periphery-somewhere in between Significant changes of core, periphery and semi periphery through time…but pretty consistent in each category Fast/Slow World Historicizing Geography Pre-Colombian Era a) Mini systems b) Early Empires c) Relatively less spatial interdependence, over smaller spatial scales Generally local trade…not much interaction What developments allowed for early empires? Agrarian revolution Division of labor- different people does different jobs – without division of labor, you can develop an empire European Empire Capitalist Expansion Power Shifted: Location- from Mediterranean city-states to the Atlantic Scale- from regional orientation to global reach Diffusion- The “Colombian Excahnge” – Refers to Columbus- transfer of stuff back and forth- diseases, goods, food, religion, people, language Classical Colonialism (1760-1870) Driven by industrial revolution
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Industrializing/colonizing nations interested in: Raw materials for industry (cotton, wool, dyes, etc.) Food for expanding populations (wheat, tea, meat, cocoa, spices, etc.) Consequences- Colonial territories much more integrated with Europe More pressure on colonial land Creation of labor supply for commercial agriculture and mining Spread of money based economies
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