Chapter_2

Chapter_2 - HEALTHISSUESAND BEHAVIOR...

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HEALTH ISSUES AND  BEHAVIOR Essentials of Health Behavior  Mark Edberg, Ph.D.
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CASE ONE: OBESITY Recent estimates suggest that 97 million adults in the United States are overweight or obese. Because the trends in overweight and obesity are recent, most agree that interactions between people’s behavior and the environment are the primary cause, rather than biological factors. Therefore, obesity is viewed as preventable .
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OBESITY AND THE  ECOLOGICAL MODEL Obesity appears to be related to environmental factors that shape behavior, encourage the overconsumption of food and discourage physical activity. Obesity-related behavior may be influenced by: Individual factors (e.g., genetics, taste/food preferences, attitudes, beliefs, knowledge about health risk) Social factors (e.g., interpersonal processes, social relationships, social status and its connection to diet). Cultural factors (shared beliefs/values related to food,
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Chapter_2 - HEALTHISSUESAND BEHAVIOR...

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