Obesity’s Increasing Impact on Childhood Diabetes-Long Paper

Obesity’s Increasing Impact on Childhood Diabetes-Long Paper

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Healthy People 2020 and Obesity’s Increasing Impact on Type II Diabetes’ Increasing Numbers Professor Mauery Yontii Wheeler April 25, 2011 PubH 1101.10
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Introduction Of the many public health problems looming in the world, obesity is one of the most important in the United States. One of the reasons obesity is such an important problem to tackle is the many ways in which it is able to affect the public’s health. Obesity is a problem that creates more problems; it generates a risk of developing other health issues (diseases and complications) that can further diminish a person’s health. Although obesity has been negatively impacting the health of all types of Americans, the most important population affected is America’s children. Childhood obesity in The United States has tripled in the last thirty year. One of the only ways one can successfully target obesity and work towards decreasing the number of obese and overweight people in the US is through education and prevention especially among children. There are many health complications that spring up due to obesity; however Type II diabetes is a disease that is found increasingly among the obese, especially obese and overweight children. Problem Obesity among children in the US, according to the CDC, affected 16.9% of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years old in 2008-2009 1 . Although this number may not look staggering, when looking at the percentage of children affected by obesity in prior years, this is a large number in comparison and it is only continuing to increase. Obesity among children can be caused and influenced by a wide range of factors. Poor diet, lack of physical activity, genetics, stress, depression, anxiety, and lack of access to food that is inexpensive and healthy are all factors that affect the rates of obesity among children in the US 2 . The increase in obesity and overweight in the United States has caused obesity to be one of the most
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pressing epidemics and public health emergencies of our time. The obesity crisis is rising, according to results from the National Center for Health Statistics, between 1976-1980 and 2007-2008, obesity among preschool children increased from 5.0% to 10.4%. Children aged 6-11 increased from 6.5% between 1976-1980 to 19.6% between 2007-2008. Lastly, adolescent (12-19 years old) obesity increased from 5.0% between 1976-1980 to 18.1% from 2007 to 2008 1 . Obesity among all people can cause diabetes, but recently, there are a growing number of cases of obese and overweight children developing diabetes, especially Type II. Diabetes is a disease that affects a persons sugar levels and causes these levels to be too high. When we eat, most of our food is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar that is used for energy. In order for glucose to enter the cells and provide energy for the body, a hormone called insulin must be present 3 . For people with diabetes, their pancreas has problems producing insulin, a hormone that helps the glucose move into your cells, providing
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Obesity’s Increasing Impact on Childhood Diabetes-Long Paper

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