china 1 - Confucianism Confucianism was primarily a system...

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Confucianism Confucianism was primarily a system of ethical precepts for the proper management of society. It envisaged man as a social creature who is bound to his fellows by jen, a term often rendered as "humanity.” Jen is expressed through the five relations—sovereign and subject, parent and child, elder and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Of these, the filial relation is usually stressed. The relations are made to function smoothly by an exact adherence to etiquette and ritual. Correct conduct proceeds not through compulsion, but through virtue inculcated by observing suitable models of deportment. The ruler, as the moral exemplar of the whole state, must be irreproachable, but a strong obligation to be virtuous rests upon all.
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The sincere man in Confucius's eyes was the man whose conduct was always based on the love of virtue and who in consequence sought to observe the rules of right conduct in his heart as well as in outward actions, when alone as well as in the presence of
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china 1 - Confucianism Confucianism was primarily a system...

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