Introduction

Introduction - Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology From...

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Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology
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From Speculation to Science: How Psychology Developed Prior to 1879 Physiology and philosophy scholars study questions about the mind Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) University of Leipzig, Germany Campaigned to make psychology an independent discipline Established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in 1879 Psychology was born
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Wilhelm Wundt’s International Influence Leipzig, the place to study psychology Graduates of Wundt’s program set up new labs across Europe and North America G. Stanley Hall (1846-1924), Johns Hopkins University Established the first psychology laboratory in the U.S. in 1883 Between 1883 and 1893, 24 new laboratories in North America
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Figure 1.1 Early Research Laboratories in North America
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The Battle of the “Schools” in the U.S.: Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism – Edward Titchener Analyze consciousness into basic elements Introspection – careful, systematic observations of one’s own conscious experience Functionalism – William James Investigate function of consciousness Led to investigation of mental testing, developmental patterns, and sex differences
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Sigmund Freud and the Concept of the Unconscious Mind Sigmund Freud (1856-1939): Austria Founded Psychoanalytic school of thought Emphasis on unconscious processes influencing behavior Unconscious = outside awareness “The unconscious is the true psychical reality; in its innermost nature it is as much unknown to us as the reality of the external world.” (Freud p. 7 in text)
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Introduction - Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology From...

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