Memory(1) - Chapter 7: Human Memory Human Memory: Basic...

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Chapter 7: Human Memory
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Human Memory: Basic Questions How does information get into memory? How is information maintained in memory? How is information pulled back out of memory?
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Figure 7.2 Three key processes in memory
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Encoding: Getting Information Into Memory The role of attention Focusing awareness Selective attention = selection of input Filtering : early or late? Multitasking
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Figure 7.3 Models of selective attention
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Levels of Processing: Craik and Lockhart (1972) Incoming information processed at different levels Deeper processing = longer lasting memory codes Encoding levels : Structural = shallow Phonemic = intermediate Semantic = deep
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Figure 7.4 Levels-of-processing theory
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Figure 7.5 Retention at three levels of processing
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Enriching Encoding: Improving Memory Elaboration = linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding Thinking of examples Visual Imagery = creation of visual images to represent words to be remembered Easier for concrete objects: Dual-coding theory Self-Referent Encoding Making information personally meaningful
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Memory Analogy: information storage in computers ~ information storage in human memory
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This document was uploaded on 10/29/2011 for the course PSY 101 at SUNY Buffalo.

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Memory(1) - Chapter 7: Human Memory Human Memory: Basic...

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