ARM.SoC.Architecture

1 most of these instructions have direct thumb

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Unformatted text preview: to switch the processor to executing Thumb instructions), making 30 bytes in all. This example illustrates a number of important points to bear in mind when writing Thumb code: The assembler needs to know when to produce ARM code and when to produce Thumb code. The 'CODES 2' and 'CODE16' directives provide this information. (These are instructions to the assembler and do not themselves cause any code to be generated.) Since the processor is executing ARM instructions when it calls the code, explicit provision must be made to instruct it to execute the Thumb instructions. The 'BX rO' instruction achieves this, provided that r0 has been initialized appropri ately. Note particularly that the bottom bit of r0 is set to cause the processor to execute Thumb instructions at the branch target. In Thumb code 'ADR' can only generate word-aligned addresses. As Thumb instructions are half-words, there is no guarantee that a location following an arbitrary number of Thumb instructions will be word-aligned. Therefore the example program has an explicit 'ALIGN' before the text string. In order to assemble and run this program on the ARM software development toolkit, an assembler that can generate Thumb code must be invoked and the ARMula-tor must emulate a 'Thumb-aware' processor core. The default setting of the Project Manager targets an ARM6 core and generates only 32-bit ARM code. This may be changed by choosing 'Project' from the 'Options' menu within the Project Manager 206 The Thumb Instruction Set and selecting 'TCC/TASM' in the 'Tools' dialogue box before generating the code. The 'Target Processor' will automatically switch to the Thumb-aware ARM7t when this is done. Otherwise, assembling and running Thumb code is just like using ARM code. Exercise 7.1.1 Convert the other programs in Sections 3.4 and 3.5 on pages 69 and 72 into Thumb code and compare their sizes with the original ARM code. Use TCC to generate Thumb code from C source programs (starting, as usual, with a 'Hello World' progr...
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course CSE 378 380 at SUNY Buffalo.

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