ARM.SoC.Architecture

1 on page 90 are generated estimate the gate count

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7. The only aspects of the Thumb architecture we will see in this chapter are the instructions available in the ARM instruction set which cause the processor to switch to executing Thumb instructions. Likewise, some ARM cores support instruction set extensions to enhance their signal processing capabilities, discussion of which is deferred to Section 8.9 on page 239. As with any processor's full instruction set, the ARM instruction set has corners which conceal complex behaviour. Often these corners are not at all useful to programmers, in which case ARM Limited does not define the behaviour of the processor in the corner cases and the corresponding instructions should not be used. The fact that a particular implementation of the ARM behaves in a particular way in such a case should not be taken as meaning that future implementations will behave the same way. Programs should only use instructions with defined semantics! Some ARM instructions are not available on all ARM chips; these will be highlighted as they arise. 105 106 The ARM Instruction Set 5.1 Introduction The ARM programmers' model was introduced in Figure 2.1 on page 39. In this chapter we will consider the supervisor and exception modes, so now the shaded registers will also come into play. Data types ARM processors support six data types: 8-bit signed and unsigned bytes. 16-bit signed and unsigned half-words; these are aligned on 2-byte boundaries. 32-bit signed and unsigned words; these are aligned on 4-byte boundaries. (Some older ARM processors do not have half-word and signed byte support.) ARM instructions are all 32-bit words and must be word-aligned. Thumb instructions are half-words and must be aligned on 2-byte boundaries. Internally all ARM operations are on 32-bit operands; the shorter data types are only supported by data transfer instructions. When a byte is loaded from memory it is zero- or sign-extended to 32 bits and then treated as a 32-bit value for internal processing. ARM coprocessors may support other data t...
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course CSE 378 380 at SUNY Buffalo.

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