ARM.SoC.Architecture

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Unformatted text preview: e of four, there is a danger that r1 would step past T1END without ever exactly equalling it, so a termination condition based on 'BNE' might fail. If you have succeeded in getting this program running, you are well on the way to understanding the basic operation of the ARM instruction set. The examples and exercises which follow should be studied to reinforce this understanding. As you attempt more complex programming tasks, questions of detail will arise. These should be answered by the full instruction set description given in Chapter 5. Program design With a basic understanding of the instruction set, small programs can be written and debugged without too much trouble by just typing them into an editor and seeing if they work. However, it is dangerous to assume that this simple approach will scale to the successful development of complex programs which may be expected to work for many years, which may be changed by other programmers in the future, and which may end up in the hands of customers who will use use them in unexpected ways. This book is not a text on program design, but having offered an introduction to programming it would be a serious omission not to point out that there is a lot more to writing a useful program than just sitting down and typing code. Serious programming should start not with coding, but with careful design. The first step of the development process is to understand the requirements; it is surprising how often programs do not behave as expected because the requirements were not well understood by the programmer! Then the (often informal) requirements should be translated into an unambiguous specification. Now the design can begin, defining a program structure, the data structures that the program works with and the algorithms that are used to perform the required operations on the data. The algorithms may be expressed in pseudo-code, a program-like notation which does not follow the syntax of a particular programming language but which makes the meaning clear. Only when the design is developed shou...
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