This is where all the user visible state is stored in

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Unformatted text preview: cell design works well with a 5 volt supply, but writing a ' 1' through the n-type pass transistor becomes difficult at lower supply voltages. Since a low supply voltage gives good power-efficiency, ARM cores since the ARM6 have either used a full CMOS transmission gate (with a p-type transistor in parallel with the n-type pass transistor in the write circuit, requiring complementary write enable control lines) or a more sophisticated register circuit. These register cells are arranged in columns to form a 32-bit register, and the columns are packed together to form the complete register bank. The decoders for the ARM implementation 97 Figure 4.18 ARM6 register cell circuit. read and write enable lines are then packed above the columns as shown in Figure 4.19, so the enables run vertically and the data buses horizontally across the array of register cells. Since a decoder is logically more complex than the register cell itself, but the horizontal pitch is chosen to suit the cell, the decoder layout can become very tight and the decoders themselves have to be tall and thin. Figure 4.19 ARM register bank floorplan. 98 ARM Organization and Implementation The ARM program counter register is physically part of the register bank in the simpler cores, but it has two write and three read ports whereas the other registers have one write and two read ports. The symmetry of the register array is preserved by putting the PC at one end where it is accessible to the additional ports and it can be allowed to have a 'fatter' profile. The register bank accounts for around one-third of the total transistor count of the simpler ARM cores, but takes a proportionately much smaller share of the silicon area by virtue of its very dense, memory-like structure. It does not match the transistor density of a block of SRAM since it has two read ports and fits on a datapath pitch that is optimized for more complex logic functions such as the ALU. However, it is much denser than those logic functions due to its higher r...
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This document was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course CSE 378 380 at SUNY Buffalo.

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