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History Exam III - EXAM III THE RISE OF ANDREW JACKSON 1824...

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EXAM III THE RISE OF ANDREW JACKSON 1824 Election – “Corrupt Bargain” Henry Clay KY candidate, called for tariffs and defenses after war of 1812, prominent national politician. John Quincy Adams MA candidate, takes New England votes. Andrew Jackson married a woman who he thought had been divorced, became an issue in early campaigns, she dies from embarrassment and stress; settles down in TN & joins the TN Militia and fights the Indians. Becomes a southern household name: “The Indian Fighter” for the common AM to be able to have his farm. Not so popular in places like MA. No one has the majority, Jackson wins the popular vote. Under the constitution when there is no one with over 50%, the congress votes and decides who should be the new president. KY knows early on that Clay wasn’t popular enough to win, the figure that they’d rather have Jackson win since he is from TN (south also). They contact Clay & tell him to support Jackson so everyone will vote Jackson but Clay despised Jackson & bargains with Adams. Clay helps Adams to presidency, in return Adams appoints Clay to the secretary of state (who usually becomes the next president). Jackson is defeated, but wins 1828 election later. Has a very practical view, institutes the Spoils System he fired the Adams administration, hired his own. Rewards people who gave him his support in election by giving them jobs. Kitchen Cabinet His group of people who help him maintain the spoils system to guarantee party loyalty election after election. Had the following men: Francis Blair (KY) major political power in public opion (newspaper editor) Amos Kendall (KY) Newspaper editor also, writes Jackson’s speeches Roger Taney (MD) Jackson’s bitch, did w/e he was told, fills a lot of roles. Martin Van Buren (NY) Vice President, ability to give structure to the spoils system and the model of the democratic model. Uses Spoils system in NY jobs, creates newspaper that layout the party platform, & rallies public opinion at election time. Brings this A lbany Regency in NY (spoils system). Maysville Road Veto (1830) part of this system where congress was granting the rights build the road from Maysville, KY down through Lexington, KY. Henry Clay had sponsored the building of the road. The bill comes to Jackson’s bill and he veto’s on purpose to embarrass Clay on constitution grounds by arguing the road only stretched through KY, that’s a state expense. Personal Vendetta. Nullification Crisis [look up] Tariff of 1828 – Tariff of Abominations 50% tax on cheap imports, SC takes the lead and labels this tax a Tariff of abomination. Didn’t have an interest on industry, interested in producing crops, felt this tax is unfair. SC was only state in AM who has black majority. Confronting the Britt Empire and movement of abolition w/in Britt Empire.
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Slavery Abolition Act (1833) abolishes the slave trade; stop the triangle by using navy to control the African coast.
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