THE RISE OF ANDREW JACKSON
1824 Election – “Corrupt Bargain”
KY candidate, called for tariffs and defenses after war of 1812, prominent
John Quincy Adams
MA candidate, takes New England votes.
married a woman who he thought had been divorced, became an issue
in early campaigns, she dies from embarrassment and stress; settles down in TN & joins
the TN Militia and fights the Indians. Becomes a southern household name: “The Indian
Fighter” for the common AM to be able to have his farm. Not so popular in places like
No one has the majority, Jackson wins the popular vote. Under the constitution when
there is no one with over 50%, the congress votes and decides who should be the new
KY knows early on that Clay wasn’t popular enough to win, the figure that they’d rather
have Jackson win since he is from TN (south also). They contact Clay & tell him to
support Jackson so everyone will vote Jackson but Clay despised Jackson & bargains
with Adams. Clay helps Adams to presidency, in return Adams appoints Clay to the
secretary of state (who usually becomes the next president).
Jackson is defeated, but wins 1828 election later. Has a very practical view, institutes the
he fired the Adams administration, hired his own. Rewards people who
gave him his support in election by giving them jobs.
His group of people who help him maintain the spoils system to
guarantee party loyalty election after election. Had the following men:
Francis Blair (KY)
major political power in public opion (newspaper editor)
Amos Kendall (KY)
Newspaper editor also, writes Jackson’s speeches
Roger Taney (MD)
Jackson’s bitch, did w/e he was told, fills a lot of roles.
Martin Van Buren (NY)
Vice President, ability to give structure to the spoils system and
the model of the democratic model. Uses Spoils system in NY jobs, creates newspaper
that layout the party platform, & rallies public opinion at election time. Brings this
in NY (spoils system).
Maysville Road Veto (1830)
part of this system where congress was granting the rights
build the road from Maysville, KY down through Lexington, KY. Henry Clay had
sponsored the building of the road. The bill comes to Jackson’s bill and he veto’s on
purpose to embarrass Clay on constitution grounds by arguing the road only stretched
through KY, that’s a state expense. Personal Vendetta.
Tariff of 1828 – Tariff of Abominations
50% tax on cheap imports, SC takes the lead
and labels this tax a Tariff of abomination. Didn’t have an interest on industry, interested
in producing crops, felt this tax is unfair. SC was only state in AM who has black
majority. Confronting the Britt Empire and movement of abolition w/in Britt Empire.