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Unformatted text preview: Diphthongs
aɪ a ʊ ɔɪ ju Diphthongs have onsets and offsets. Offglides move from a steady state vowel to a shorter vowel segment.
Onglides move from a shorter segment to a steady state. aɪ a ʊ ɔɪ ju Three diphthongs move from a lower vowel to a higher one and are offglides. One moves from a front vowel to a back vowel and is an onglide. /aɪ/
/a An offglide
Begins with /a/, a low front vowel and moves to /ɪ/, a highfront vowel.
Most frequently occurring diphthong.
The transition between the two vowels is important. icing
microphone Allophonic Variations
Allophonic Variations /aɪə/ especially before /l/ examples:
aisle Dialectal Variations
Dialectal Variations SA: /a:/ lengthening /fa:r/ /ar/ reduction before /r/ /fɑr/ AAVE: /a/ diphthong reduction /tɑm/ Deviations
Deviations No significant variations If present, usually diphthong reduction as in /ɑ/ becomes /aɪ/ /aʊ/
/a Begins with a low front vowel and goes to a highback vowel. The transition between the two phonemes is important. out
tower Allophonic Variations
Allophonic Variations None that are significant. Minimally noticeable. Dialectal Variations EA, SA: Virginia and SC lowcountry
ex: “house” /hæəs/ /hoʊs/ Deviations
Deviations Most commonly misarticulated of diphthongs
Reduction of the diphthongs:
examples: ɑ/aʊ æ/aʊ /ɔɪ/ Offglide Begins with mid back and goes to high front Least frequent sound in English oink
rejoice Allophonic Variations
Allophonic Variations /aɪ/ “Let’s blow this joint.”
Dialectal Variations SA, AAVE: /ɔɪ/ becomes /ɔə/ or /ɑ/ Deviations
Deviations Diphthong reduction /ɔɪ/ becomes /o/ /ju/
Moves from a shorter segment to a steady one
Moves from high front to high back you
music ian amusing
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This document was uploaded on 10/31/2011 for the course COMD J507 at South Carolina.
- Spring '11