Chapter 6 Fricative Consonants

Chapter 6 Fricative Consonants - Chapter 6 Fricative...

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Chapter 6 Fricative Consonants f v θ ð s z h ʃ ʒ Fricatives are characterized by partially blocked airflow which creates a degree of friction within the speech mechanism. They are continuant sounds.
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f Voiceless labio-dental fricative Develops relatively early: 3-4 years Physiological description: -slight retraction of the mandible -upper teeth on the inner surface of the lower lip -no definite tongue position -VP closed -vocal folds abducted
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famous coffee brief found suffer knife
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Allophonic Variations -None that are significant Dialect Differences -None that are significant
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Deviations -prevocalic substitution of p/f or b/f Examples: finger fish
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v Voiced labio-dental fricative Develops later than its cognate /f/: age 4-5 years Physiological description: -same description as /f/ but the production does not have as much noticeable airflow. The voicing carries power to make the sound audible while /f/ relies on more airflow to make the sound audible.
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view silver native visitor revenge above
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Allophonic Variations devoicing in word final position especially when followed by voiceless sounds examples: have to love to
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Dialect Differences AAVE -Substitution of b/v in all positions of words examples: very oven glove
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Non-Native Pronunciations /v/ is often produced as /w/ examples: Volkswagon “The vicar must visit the sick.”
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Deviations substitution of b/v is most common examples:
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θ Voiceless lingua-dental fricative – sometimes called an interdental fricative
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  • Spring '11
  • Barnes
  • Phonation, International Phonetic Alphabet, dialect differences, physiological description, -VP, allophonic variations

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Chapter 6 Fricative Consonants - Chapter 6 Fricative...

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