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Chapters 1,2,3 - Language Theory Phonetics Instructor...

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Language Theory & Phonetics Instructor: Debbie Brady
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Chapter 1 – The Study of Phonetics How can speech sounds be studied? How are speech sounds produced? What is the nature of speech sounds? How are speech sounds perceived? What are the practical uses of phonetics?
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Applied phonetics Normative phonetics Clinical phonetics Linguistic phonetics
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The English language is not phonetic Examples: laughter ough s d r th
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Phonetics will be our tool. What are some uses? 1. 2. 3.
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Important terminology Phone – any sounds produced by the vocal tract Phoneme – a sound that carries meaning Minimal pair – two words that differ by only one phoneme, examples: sip/zip, beak/beat, rat/rot Allophone – variations of phonemes that do not change the meaning, examples: bit’/bit‘ butter
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Terminology continued Grapheme – written letters of the alphabet examples: b f k g w d Allograph – variations of written letters examples: a a   A    a     a
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Terminology continued
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