Lecture-April20--Blackboard - What is anxiety Generally a...

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4/19/2010 1 What is anxiety? Generally a normal reaction that we all have “Fight or Flight” responses Anxiety disorder develops when symptoms of “fight or flight” are present without any impending danger Example: anxiety while attempting to sleep, sitting in a chair Women are 2-3 times more likely to have anxiety disorders. Anxiety Generalized Anxiety Disorder Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of topics that is difficult to control Physical symptoms: Example: rapid heart beat, difficulty breathing Symptoms are present more days than not, and lasting for approximately 6 months (DSM- IV criteria for diagnosis) Approximately 8% of women develop this disorder in their lifetime. Commonly co-occurring with depression
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4/19/2010 2 Panic Disorder Sudden, unpredictable attacks of intense anxiety, accompanied with other physical symptoms (severe): Shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating, trembling, pervasive sense of losing control (e.g., sense of doom, fear of dying)—Common diagnosis for women Agoraphobia (associated with panic disorder): fear of being in public places in which escape or receipt of help is viewed as unlikely About 9% of women experience agoraphobia Specific Phobia Fear of specific situations or objects There are 4 types: 1. Situational—elevators/small spaces 2. Natural environment—heights, water 3. Blood/injury 4. Animals/insects Research inconsistent on gender differences (it may be more socially acceptable for women to show this level of fear than men) 14% of women develop these at some time in their lives. Types of therapy In treating mental health symptoms, a combination of therapy approaches is best, with a few types more effective for specific disorders: For instance: Cognitive-behavioral therapy more effective for
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Lecture-April20--Blackboard - What is anxiety Generally a...

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