Health and Mental Health-Blackboard

Health and Mental Health-Blackboard - 4/13/2010 BREAST...

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4/13/2010 1 B REAST C ANCER B REAST C ANCER Figure 1: Causes of Death in American Women (2008) Source: cdc.gov B REAST C ANCER Breast cancer is second only to lung cancer in cancer deaths among women 1 out of 8 women will get it in their lifetime Lifetime risk –increases with age 1 in 2500 women develop breast cancer by age 30 Age 40-1 in 217 women Age 50- 1 in 54 women Age 70- 1 in 14 women Age 90- 1 in 8 women 1 out of 35 women will die from it
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4/13/2010 2 R ISK F ACTORS Genetics—women who have histories of breast cancer among women in their families are at high risk for developing breast cancer. Particularly if one’s mother, sister, daughter has it. Age: Increase rises with age by 1 in 14 by age 70. Small percentages of cases have been linked to viruses or even diet. Ethnicity : Black women have higher death rates from breast cancer than do White women. Social Class-- HRT (Hormone replacement therapy)* D ETECTION OF B REAST C ANCER Breast cancer generally shows up as a lump in the breast. Three kinds of breast lumps: 1. Cysts---fluid filled sacs, also referred to as fibrocystic or cystic. 2. Fibroadenomas 3. Malignant tumors 80% of lumps are cysts or fibroadenomas which means that they are not cancerous. B REAST C ANCER D ETECTION Mammogram—which is an X-ray technique in which the breast are exposed to radiation to detect the presence of a lump. Women around the age of 35 should have regular breast examinations (including self-exams). Recent medical advice urging women to have breast examinations as early as 21 -23—for women with multiple risk factors
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4/13/2010 3 T REATING BREAST CANCER Mastectomy—the most extreme form of breast cancer treatment in which, to prevent the spread of cancer, the breast or breasts are removed surgically. In some cases only lumps are removed (lumpectomy) or lymph nodes only (modified radical mastectomy). The risks of the mastectomy procedure is that, if cancer has spread to muscle and other lymph nodes, the cancer will spread, thus rendering the mastectomy useless. B
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Health and Mental Health-Blackboard - 4/13/2010 BREAST...

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