3/17/20101Motherhood and ReproductionSocial Understandings: The Meaning of MotherhoodThe “motherhood mandate”Is it okay to not have children? Who is able to stay home with their children?Who do we approve of staying home?These social expectations (good mother, motherhood mandate, superwoman stereotype) are often internalized and impact self-evaluations as well as the judgments of others throughout infertility, pregnancy, and motherhood.Women and Relationships: MotherhoodSocial understandings and expectations related to motherhoodGood motherMotherhood mandateRelevant for women’s choices (esp. birthing process)Challenges in fulfilling these expectationsPostpartum challengesEconomic challenges
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3/17/20102Topic: Childfree vs. ChildlessSome women choose not to have children –child free rather than childlessReasons include: a desire for a flexible lifestylewanting economic independencenot wanting to sacrifice time, energy and identitynot wanting to sacrifice relationship satisfactionnot enjoying childrenPerspectives on Staying at HomeMiddle class women and women with employed partners (who make a lot of money) are most able to stay home Are there any women we don’t approve of staying home?We have very different opinions of single women who stay home with their children and poor women who stay home with their childrenMotherhood:Stereotypes and Realities