Exam 2 Study Guide Fall 2011

Exam 2 Study Guide Fall 2011 - Fall 2011 Psyc 400 Learning...

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Fall 2011 Psyc 400 Learning and Memory Exam 2 Study Guide Chapters 7-9 Chapter 7 1. Compare discrete-trial and free-operant methods of instrumental conditioning. How is learning measured in each method? 2. What does Thorndike’s Law of Effect state? What kind of association is learned according to this theory? 3. Define instrumental conditioning procedures (positive reinforcement, punishment, negative reinforcement and omission training) in terms of positive/negative response-reinforcer contingencies, appetitive/aversive stimuli, and an increase/decrease in the response. 4. What is meant by belongingness and instinctive drift in instrumental conditioning? How can the property of belongingness make it easier or more difficult to train an animal to do something? 5. What factors contribute to the effectiveness of an instrumental reinforcer? 6. What are positive contrast and negative contrast in terms of instrumental conditioning? Give an example of each. 7. What are the effects of a delay of reinforcement on instrumental learning? Why may
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This document was uploaded on 10/31/2011 for the course PSYC E400 at South Carolina.

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Exam 2 Study Guide Fall 2011 - Fall 2011 Psyc 400 Learning...

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