H397Lecture5 - (e.g Prussian Kriegsakademie –...

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Restoration and the Rise of Industrial War, 1815-1914 - Restoration – back to Old Regime models where possible – long-service regulars, end to ‘national’ armies - Accompanied by technological conservatism - Dominance of Jominian thought Signs of Change, 1830-50s: - rifling + minié ball + percussion cap = ‘rifled musket’, greater accuracy + greater reliability - railway = faster deployment - telegraph = long-distance ‘real time’ communication - Telegraph + Railway = larger armies, faster mobilization, thus more staff Work - Maximization of manpower potential – short-term color service + long term reserve service (mobilization in the event of war) – following Prussian victory in 1870-71 - General Staffs develop (following Prussian model) – eventually staff schools
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Unformatted text preview: (e.g. Prussian Kriegsakademie ) – Clauswitzian thought dominant-Technological advances, latter 19 th Century: breech-loading, single-shot rifle (e.g. Prussian needle gun, French Chasspot ) + brass cartridge combination breech-loading steel cannon bolt-action, magazine rifles (by end of century) belt-fed machine guns (e.g. Maxim Gun – by end of century) new propellants, explosives, munitions quick-firing artillery ‘camouflage’ uniforms (by first decade of 20 th century)- Response to technological advance/greater killing zone by end of 19 th century/start 20 th century – stress power of morale, offensive-mindedness, ‘spirit of the bayonet’ (strategy and tactics)...
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  • Fall '11
  • Mackenzie
  • Rifle, Prussian needle gun, e.g. Prussian Kriegsakademie, Old Regime models, long-distance ‘real time, 1870-71

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