Chapter 6--6.30 - Chapter 6-Crack and Homicide in New York...

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Chapter 6—Crack and Homicide in New York City There has been considerable confusion in interpreting the evidence linking crack to rising rates of violent crime. o For example, the number of national homicides reached a high of 21,860 in 1989 and then declined, remaining fairly level throughout most of the 1980s. o In NYC, the total number of homicides committed in 1988 reached 1896—an increase of more than 13% over the 1987 total, and was an apparent single-year record for the city. o The number of homicides increased to record or near record levels that year in other American cities as well. Even before the observed rise in homicides in 1988, policy makers were expressing concern about the extent to which homicides were drug related. o Law enforcement officials had begun to suggest that much of the homicide rate could be explained by the relationship between drugs and violence. o Some argued that crack specifically was responsible for increases in the homicide count.
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