exam 2 study guide

exam 2 study guide - Social Power Power-the ability to get...

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Social Power Power —the ability to get other people to do what you want them to do Sources of Power: o 1) Control Over Resources —if I have something you need, I can specify what I want from you in exchange. Natural resources, intangible things—knowledge of skills. o 2) Control Over People —authority of the person. Certain people in society have position where they can tell others what to do. o 3) Use of Force —do what I say or I’m going to harm you. Not usually used. Exchange Theory —we weigh the outcome based on benefits before going through with it. o Norms of Reciprocity —when we get something from someone, it creates an obligation to give something back. When we can’t repay others, there’s an imbalance of power. Creates dependency. Increases power. Balance Theory —describes how we strive for balance or consistency in our lives, our relationships with other people, the various attitudes we have about various things, our attitudes, and our behavior. o Cognitive Dissonance —when there is conflict in our cognitive thoughts, disturbance in our thoughts and emotions is created. Authority Authority —the legitimation of power. Types of Authority: o 1) Traditional —authority based on the way things have always been. Example: Traditional Monarchy. Problem: Always under question—what if the King doesn’t have a son? o 2) Charismatic —authority based on the exceptional personal characteristics of the leader. Example: Jesus, MLK, Ghandi. What happens when the leader dies or goes out of power? o 3) Rational-Legal —authority set up by formal legal documents and written laws of the society. Legal code helps the transition between leaders in power. o 4) Expert —authority based on specialized knowledge or skills that most people don’t have. Example: Doctor, attorney, military, political, etc. Social Class Karl Marx o Economic Determinism —the economic system of any society determines the shape and form of all of other institutions in that society—government, legal system, religion, family structure, education system, etc. o Capitalism —types of people: The Bourgeoisie People that make themselves wealthy off of the labor of other people.
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The Petit Bourgeoisie People that work for themselves—little capitalists. The Proletariat Will develop a class consciousness and realize they are in an oppressive system—they will see the big division in society. The Lumpen-Proletariat
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 3601 taught by Professor O'neil during the Spring '11 term at LSU.

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exam 2 study guide - Social Power Power-the ability to get...

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