class 4 relationships and attachment theory

class 4 relationships and attachment theory - 1...

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1 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY October 17, 2006 Attachment Theories $ Mental Models $ Bowlby Stages of Attachment Formation $ Individual Differences in Attachment $ Canalization of Attachment Conceptual Development and Problem Solving Development $ To solve problems and understand their experience, children often construct mental models of the situation or task to be solved. $ Mental models abstract us away from superficial features of a situation and allow us to focus on what we can do and what we can not do, under these circumstances. (Example: Map doesn’t look like the roads with houses and details) $ Even young children form mental models of complex systems. For example, 3 year olds give elaborate explanations for questions like “Why doesn’t blood come out when I open my mouth?”; Clouds are alive because they move Mental Models Resistant to Change $ Children form mental models of the world and may need to reconcile their experience with what they know from teachers and parents. For example, children are told that the earth is round , yet their experience is that it is clearly flat. $ From about six to eleven years old, they form increasingly sophisticated mental models to make all the facts they know work together. Yet by the fifth grade, only about forty percent of children mentally represent the earth like a sphere. From rectangular plan to disc earth, then “duel earth” - flat but also a sphere. Then hollow sphere with disc in center and starts about tem on sphere, then flattened sphere, then sphere- hard to understand gravity. Conceptual Development, Problem Solving Development and Attachment Theory $ What do mental models like the complex ways we represent the earth, have to do with the attachment we develop? Bowlby’s Attachment Theory: Developmental Trajectory $ Pre-attachment (birth to six weeks) : Infants produce innate signals, most notable crying, that brings others to his or her side. The infant is comforted by the ensuring interaction association. Have no expectations of a particular individual. $ Attachment in the Making (six weeks to 6-8 months) : Infants begin to respond preferentially to familiar people. Typically they smile, laugh, or babble more frequently in the presence of the primary caregiver and are ore easily soothed by a person. Infants form expectations about how their caregivers will respond to their needs and accordingly, do or do not develop a sense of
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 4070 taught by Professor Groban during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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class 4 relationships and attachment theory - 1...

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