Literary Elements: Anaphora The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. Appeal to Authority A fallacy in which a speaker or writer seeks to persuade not by giving evidence but by appealing to the respect people have for a famous person or institution. Concession An argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer acknowledges the validity of an opponent's point. Connotation The emotional implications and associations that a word may carry. Denotation The direct or dictionary meaning of a word, in contrast to its figurative or associated meanings. 1) The choice and use of words in speech or writing. (2) A way of speaking, usually assessed in terms of prevailing standards of pronunciation and elocution . 2) Antithesis - contrary ideas expressed in a balanced sentence. It is the juxtaposition of two words, phrases, clauses, or sentences contrasted or opposed in meaning in such a way as to give emphasis to their contrasting ideas and give the effect of balance. This is a device
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