9-1 lecture - Lecture 2: Social Origins of the Individual...

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Lecture 2: Social Origins of the Individual Outline: Durkheim's Division of Labor in Society Where did social bonds come from? Became concerned in what creates it How is it that modern societies come together Mechanical Solidarity – likeness (“Mirrow Neurons”? “collective consciousness”) “automatic”, forced you to feel solidarity the sense of you and I are alike, therefore we have kinship (like if you find someone who enjoys your sense of weird music) in traditional societies, all men and all women did same thing, worshiped gods in same way, thus shared a sense of likeness, literally like each other mechanical in the sense that you feel kinship in the unconscious and conscious level mirror neurons link together on the basis of similarity in society where there is total agreement in moral standards , the group comes together punishes deviants (entering god's alter, etc), people are bound together physically and mentally Organic Solidarity – interdependence Modern society has an elaborate social division everyone is almost different, very different people lead different lives cant identify with other people's moral styles
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9-1 lecture - Lecture 2: Social Origins of the Individual...

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