10-18 lecture - Lecture 12 Marx's Theory of History(Part 1...

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Lecture 12: Marx's Theory of History (Part 1) I. Dialetical Theory of History 1. Marx's Question: what are the historical forces that have transformed human life over the course of human history? 1. Designed to explain all of human history, specifically in relation to class. He is trying to explain where classes come from. And what causes the class structure you see around you. 2. Dialectical: a certain kind of contradiction. There's a force (or ideas). In the course of moving forward it generates its opposite. Those opposed things come into conflict, which causes some higher level thing. Thesis, antithesis, synthesis. 1. Idea of good: contains the thinking of its opposite. You can think of good, you can think of bad. When good and bad come into your mind, you might think of a new concept, like justice that puts both good and bad in some complex relationship. 2. When marx uses it, he takes hegel's idea and says that human history of real human beings, also has the pattern of the dialectic. II. Mode of Production – a mode of human cooperation. 1. Every mode of production involves: 2. Forces of production – the ways people actually concretely organize themselves to produce. IE Under a tribal mode of production, it would be the way they spear fish, the way they make it, knowledge women have about where good berries are, the tools they use
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10-18 lecture - Lecture 12 Marx's Theory of History(Part 1...

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