11-3 lecture - Lecture 16 How Culture Works Paper not...

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Lecture 16: How Culture Works Paper – not trying to ask interviewee if they agree with marx or weber. Whether class differences are understood in the way weber or marx. Interviewees should be most similar, but occupations most different. I. Values (Talcott Parsons) II. Ideas (Max Weber) 1. -switchman metaphor 2. ideas shape “goals” and “means” of action III. Ethos (Clifford Geertz) Ethos <-------> World View ^Ritual Experience ^ IV. Practices (e.g. Choosing) 1. skills, habits, (eg getting up on time; “hanigng out”, displaying eagerness) V. Categories 1. Culturally constructed, but real, e.g. “latino or white” 2. marked or unmarked categories VI. Semiotic Codes concept of culture – popular among social sciences, uses it in huge variety of ways. Culture constitutes, creates much of what we call society. Different ways of what thinking what culture is. We think of culture as values. American culture – individual freedom, choice, etc. all values. Berkeley culture – different values than other schools. Talcott Parsons – The fundamental difference is in values. Preschool in three cultures would be explained as differences in differences in values in america (freedom, individualism), conformity in china, group harmony in japan. Critique – although sounds like a good way, values of american society – if they really are, then how did it have a society of slavery? Dark skin and female gender couldnt
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