11-22 lecture - Lecture 22: Institutional Theories of Power...

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Lecture 22: Institutional Theories of Power Institutions – any established patterns of social organizations that endures . Distinction between organization (UC Berkeley) and institutions (the university). UC Berkeley endures because it gives bachelors degrees, it also has a set of purposes and meanings. Things are more institutionalized if people believe in them. Sports – great institution of baseball. American institution. Where do these come from, what leads them to be robust and capable. I. Talcott Parsons “On the Concept of Political Power” 1. made case that what really mattered about power that it is a zero sum phenomenon. If A goes up, B goes down. Parsons – power as not being zero sum. 1. If you have power and dont use it, you lose it. Power really exists only in exercise. Dictators dont really do anything, but do weird things just to let people know that they are in power. They exercise their power. II. Samuel Huntington – Political Order in Changing Societies III. Theda Skocpol – States and Social Revolutions IV. Peter Evans – Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation V. A. Theory – Power is not “zero sum” (size of pie vs division of pie) VI. Political institutions make a difference Inputs (e.g. wealth, votes, land, organization) Outcomes (tax advantages, lax regulation, redistribution Power Political Institutions What difference does the existing set of
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Gold during the Fall '97 term at Berkeley.

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11-22 lecture - Lecture 22: Institutional Theories of Power...

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