11-29 lecture - Lecture 23: Revolutions and Social...

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Lecture 23: Revolutions and Social Transformation 11-29 The Chinese Revolution (1911-1949) I. What it takes to alter power II. The role of the Communist Party III. Power deeply imbedded in social life; power is resilient The French Revolution ( 1789 ) I. State breakdown precipitates revolution; peasant and worker uprisings follow. 1. Role of wrs in bankrupting states, leading to state breakdown II. Who can consolidate rule? 1. Role of violence, terror III. How much change? Learn 1789 date . There have been rebellions throughout human history. But Most rebellions do not overthrow government, they get put down. No matter how angry/organized/violent, the state is usually more powerful with its army. But In the french chinese russian revolutions, they succeeded in overthrowing government. Those real revolutions happened only when the state institutions broke down. State breakdown is necessary for a revolution to succeed. Revolutions have succeeded when the state has also been in war. French – they were fighting the English w/ Americans, spent huge amounts of money supporting the US. It was breakdown of french gov's ability to govern, banks ran out of money, led to total paralysis of government and then state down breakdown, and then revolution. Chinese revolution – communists win in the middle of WW2.
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11-29 lecture - Lecture 23: Revolutions and Social...

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