COMM 222 Summary

COMM 222 Summary - COMM 222 Final draft, James Polese...

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COMM 222 – Final draft, James Polese Chapter 2 Five-factor Model of Personality (OCEAN), “Big Five”: Extraversion: Sociable, talkative (extrovert) vs. withdrawn, shy (introvert). Emotional stability/neuroticism: Stable, confident (low neuroticism) vs. depressed, anxious (high neuroticism). Agreeableness: Tolerant, cooperative (more) vs. cold, rude (less). Conscientiousness: Dependable, responsible (more) vs. careless, impulsive (less). Openness to Expression: Curious, original (more) vs. dull, unimaginative (less). Locus of Control: The belief pertaining to the contingency of one’s behaviour, be it external or internal. High External: Belief hinges on fate, luck, powerful individuals. High Internal: Belief hinges on self-initiative, personal actions, free will. Self-Monitoring: The extent to which people observe and regulate how they appear and behave in social settings. High self-monitors are concerned with their surroundings, socially appropriate behaviour, tune in to social cues and regulate their behaviour. They are more involved in their jobs, perform at higher levels and emerge as leaders. However, they show more role stress and are less committed to their organisation(s). Low self-monitors are the opposite and are said to “wear their hearts on their sleeves”. Behavioural Plasticity Theory: People with low self-esteem seek approval from others, are more susceptible to external and social influences. Proactive Behaviour: Taking initiative to improve current circumstances or create new ones. Proactive Personality: Stable personal disposition that reflects tendency to take personal initiative across a range of activities and situations and to effect positive change in one’s environment. Identify opportunities, take action and persevere until they bring about meaningful change. Higher performance, tend to be more successful. General Self-Efficacy (GSE): A general trait that in an individual’s beliefs that they can perform well in a variety of challenging situations. Many successes – high GSE. Core Self-Evaluations: A broad personality concept that consists of more specific traits that reflect the evaluations people hold about themselves and their self-worth. Learning: Permanent change in behaviour potential that occurs due to practice and experience. Operant Learning Theory (Learning): Operate on the environment to achieve certain consequences. Reinforcement: Stimuli that increases behaviour (positive: addition, negative: removal). To decrease behaviour: Punishment (addition of unwanted stimuli) and extinction (removes reinforcement of supported behaviour). Social recognition; positive feedback; “pat on the back” is a positive reinforcer that reinforces desirable behaviour. Fast acquisition
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2011 for the course COMM 222 taught by Professor H.campbell during the Spring '08 term at Concordia Canada.

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COMM 222 Summary - COMM 222 Final draft, James Polese...

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