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Hofstede Cultural Dimensions

Hofstede Cultural Dimensions - ambiguous situations and...

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COMM 222 HOFSTEDE’S DIMENSIONS OF CULTURAL VALUES Individualism The culture is a loosely knit social framework in which people take care of themselves and their immediate family. United States, Canada, France Collectivism The culture is a tight social framework in which people take care of the members of a broader group and act loyal to it. Indonesia, China, West Africa Power Distance (Low) The culture prefers that power be distributed uniformly where possible, in a more egalitarian fashion. Canada, Germany, The Netherlands Power Distance (High) The culture accepts the fact that power is usually distributed unequally within organizations. Philippines, Mexico, Russia Uncertainty Avoidance (Low) The culture tolerates uncertain and ambiguous situations and values unusual ideas and behaviors. Canada, Indonesia, The Netherlands Uncertainty Avoidance (High) The culture feels threatened by uncertain and
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Unformatted text preview: ambiguous situations and relies on formal rules to create stability. Japan, Russia, France Masculinity The culture values stereotypically male traits such as assertiveness and the acquisition of money and things. Canada, Japan, Germany Femininity The culture values stereotypically female traits such as caring for others and caring about quality of life. Russia, France, The Netherlands Short-term orientation The culture stresses values that are more past- and present-oriented, such as respect for tradition and fulfilling obligations. Canada, Russia, West Africa Long-term orientation The culture stresses values that are more future-oriented, such as persistence, prudence, and thrift. China, Japan, The Netherlands This table is adapted from: Colquitt, J.A., LePine, J.A., and Wesson, M.J. (2009). Organizational Behavior. McGraw-Hill, New York: NY....
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