Unit 1 Study Guide-Exam 1

Unit 1 Study Guide-Exam 1 - Shannon Sterling HIST 111:...

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Shannon Sterling HIST 111: Modern World Civilization Unit 1 Study Guide/Exam 1 Identifications: Aztec Empire- Located in Central Mexico and developed in the previous century. Subject people that were from other cultures and captured through wars wanted to be allies with Spanish since they did not share the same views and beliefs as the Aztecs. The Aztec Empire was attacked by Spanish Conquistador, Hernan Cortes. Quetzalcoatl- Quetzalcoatl was a feathered-serpent like God of the Aztecs. There were daily human sacrifices that were believed to please the god. When the ruler of the Aztecs, Montezuma heard of the light skin, bearded men that wore feathers/scales he assumed that Quetzalcoatl had come down from the heavens. In fact it was Hernan Cortes with his Spanish army. Montezuma greeted the Spanish Conquistador with a grand welcoming and even gave him the key to the city. Cortes accepted the key and used it to gain control of the city and its wealth. Indulgence- The sales of Indulgence was a practice in the Catholic Church were forgiveness for one’s past sins would be granted in exchange for a payment to the church. Pope Leo X encouraged the sales of Indulgences to help pay for the construction of the St. Peter’s Basilica. Pope Leo X had help from Papal Preacher Johann Tezal, whom was famously depicted in a drawing standing outside the town of Saxony calling for the sales of Indulgences to save the souls of loved ones that had passed. Many followers of the church did not agree with this practice and Martin Luther’s protest against the sale of Indulgence led to the Protestant Reformation. English Civil War-
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The English Civil War began in 1642 as a result of the uproar over King Charles I refusing to work with parliament in England and tried to arrest all of the people in the House of Commons that did not agree with him. The war ended in 1649 with the execution of King Charles I and lead to the Revolution of 1688 and the English Bill of Rights of 1689. The Revolution and Bill of Rights made certain that England would become a constitutional monarchy; the king and Parliament would both have to consent to any changes in current laws. Holy Roman Empire- In early modern Europe there was not a set political standard. Various city-states created their own federations. The Holy Roman Empire was the federation that was formed by the German city- states from 962 to 1806. In the early 16 th century a single empire was created eliminating the need for the smaller empires. Encomienda- In this system a grant of authority from the Spanish crown over a population of Amerindians in the Spanish colonies of America would be given to an individual. This provided the individual, or grant holder, with a certain number of Amerindians for cheap labor for a given period of time. The only requirement was that the grant holder taught the Amerindians about Christianity. However, this led to the overworking and abuses of Amerindians by the grant holders. Despite the creation of the Council of
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Unit 1 Study Guide-Exam 1 - Shannon Sterling HIST 111:...

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