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Unit 2 Exam - Shannon Sterling HIST 111 VB Exam 2...

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Shannon Sterling HIST 111 VB Exam 2 Identifications: Daimyo: The daimyo were powerful Japanese families that owned large amounts of land. Personal militaries known as samurai were hired to protect the land and the family and peasants were contracted to work the land in exchange for a share of the crops. Isolationism: In Japan, the Tokugawa shogunate tried to reduce the influence from the outside world by enforcing a policy that did not allow contact with nations and people outside of Japan. This isolation allowed Japan to unify itself again. Tsar/Tsarina: The term Tsar (or Tsarina) derives from the Roman imperial title Caesar; which was the term the Russians used for the Mongol empire rulers. After 1547 the Russian also began referring to their rulers as Tsars because they considered themselves to be the third Roman Empire after the fall of Constantinople. Peter the Great was one of the most popular Russian Tsars and is known for reducing Russia’s isolation and increasing the empire’s power and size. Boyars: The Russian aristocracy, known as Boyars, allowed Mikhail Romanov, one of their own, to establish a dynasty following an old like of Muscovite rulers and the Times of Trouble. The new dynasty would be the first to unite its own authority and still successfully compete with neighboring powers. Third Estate: French society was divided into three estates. The first estate consisted of the clergy. The second estate consisted of nobility. The third estate consisted of everyone else, rich and poor. Many members of the third estate accounted for occupations in commerce, finance and manufacturing. In 1789, with the help of allies from the first and second estates, the third estate created the national assembly.
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National Assembly: Created in 1789 by the French society members of the third estate and allies from the other estates signed its ambitions by calling itself the national assembly and writing the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens. Declaration of the Rights of Man: The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens was created by the French National Assembly states principles for a future constitution. The language of this declaration is very similar to that of the United States Declaration of Independence. This was in part because Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the United States Declaration of Independence, was a United States Ambassador and helped the French draft the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens. Napoleon Bonaparte: With his military reputation and the promise of order after nearly a decade of crisis, turmoil and bloodshed, Napoleon Bonaparte was the first popular dictatorship. Napoleon Bonaparte led France on a path of domination while protecting the French people and property. He was successful until he decided to attack Russia. After his defeat he was exiled. He escaped exile only to be captured and exiled again to and even further island where he died in 1821.
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