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EXAM 1 Study Questions

EXAM 1 Study Questions - Study Questions 1 The American...

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Study Questions: 1. The American population is becoming more diverse. What are the projections for the year 2050? According to projections by the Census Bureau, the proportions of residents of the US who are White and non-Hispanic will decrease significantly by the year 2050. By contrast, there will be a striking rise in the proportion of both Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans. 2. A minority group is often referred to as a subordinate group. What is another term used to refer to the majority group? Dominant 3. Compare the sociological meaning of a minority group to a numerical minority group. Are they necessarily the same? A minority group has five characteristics: unequal treatment, distinguishing physical or cultural traits, involuntary membership, awareness of subordination, and in-group marriage. Minority is not just about numbers. The female population nationally is 50.8%, but males still hold dominate positions of authority and wealth. 4. Distinguish between a racial group and an ethnic group . A group that is set apart because of obvious physical differences is a racial group where as an ethnic group is a group set apart because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns. 5. Distinguish between prejudice and discrimination . Prejudice is a negative attitude toward an entire category of people, such as a racial or ethnic minority. Discrimination is the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups because of a negative attitude toward the entire category of people. 6. What does racism cost society? 7. Compare and contrast the conflict perspective and the functionalist perspective. The conflict perspective is a sociological approach that assumes that the social structure is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups. The functionalist perspective is the sociological approach emphasizes how parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. 8. What is the difference between emigration and immigration ? Emigration the act of leaving ones country for another country. Immigration is the act of coming into a new country as a permanent resident. 9. What is the difference between colonialism and internal colonialism? Colonialism is a foreign power’s maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over people for an extended period. Internal colonialism I the treatment of subordinate peoples as colonial subjects by those in power. 10. Assimilation is difficult and tends to take longer under what conditions ? The difference between the minority and the majority are large. The majority is not receptive or
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the minority retains its own culture. The minority group arrives over a short period of time, The minority-group residents are concentrated rather than dispersed. The arrival is recent and the homeland is accessible.
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