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Unformatted text preview: gave him. Religion also caused tension as they both condemned each other as curses in the mosques. If it were not for the rebellion, al-Muwaffaq would have probably attacked Ibn Tulun with his forces. 3. After reading Pre-Industrial Societies , I can definitely see how Ahmad got to where he was. In the reading, in order to be the leader, you need to know how to enforce the law, and a leader must show that he is capable of defending a nation as well as making it prosper. Ahmad was able to become a ruler by being successful on the battlefield. If a ruler is able to perform on the battlefield, it gives regular citizens confidence that he will defend the civilization as well as perform justice. Once he did that, he created administrations and jobs that required a area of expertise. Everyone else belonged in the fields. This complex society was able to exist because of Ahmads military expertise. Her description definitely helped me in seeing how Ahmad ibn Tulun got to the top....
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- Fall '08